1. Seamless steel pipe-folding
It is a linear or spiral, continuous or discontinuous state that exists on the outer or inner surface of seamless steel pipe. The main reason for the folding is poor quality of the pipe material, folding itself, or inclusions, serious scratches and cracks on the surface, edges and corners in the grinding place, and folding after drawing. In order to avoid folding, the quality of the pipe material should be improved and attention should be paid to inspection and grinding.
2. Seamless steel pipe-crack
Refers to the small cracks on the inner and outer surfaces of the seamless steel pipe that are distributed in a straight line or a spiral, with a depth of 1 mm or more, continuous and discontinuous. According to the analysis of Permanent Steel Manufacturing Co., Ltd, the cause is: the hot-rolled tube blank has subcutaneous bubbles and subcutaneous inclusions, and there are cracks or deep pits on the steel pipe before drawing. During the hot rolling or cold drawing processes Longitudinal scratches or scratches occurred during the operation. Preventing the formation of cracks also lies in improving the quality of the tube blank and strengthening the inspection and grinding of the tube material. At the same time, pitting, scratches and scratches should be avoided during the cold drawing production process.
3. Seamless steel pipe-scratches
The characteristic of the defect is that there are longitudinally linear scratches of varying lengths on the inner and outer surfaces of the seamless pipe. Most of them are groove-shaped, but they may also be raised stripes. The main reason for the scratches (cutting) is: there are internal markings on the pipe material, which cannot be eliminated during drawing, the iron oxide film remains on the steel pipe and the mold sticks to the steel, and the strength and hardness of the mold are insufficient or uneven. Fragmentation and wear occur, the hammer head is defective, and the sharp edges and corners of the hammer head transition part damage the mold. In order to prevent scratches and scratches, the quality of each preparation process before drawing should be improved, and molds with high strength and hardness and good smoothness should be used.
4. Seamless steel pipe-pit
This is one of the most common surface defects of seamless pipes. Local depressions with different areas are distributed on the surface of the steel pipe. Some of them are periodic and some are irregular. The pits are caused by iron oxide scale or other hard dirt pressed into the surface of the steel pipe during the drawing or straightening process, or the peeling of the original peeling on the surface of the steel pipe. Shandong Jute Pipe Industry pointed out that the measures to prevent pits are to carefully inspect the pipe material and remove defects such as warping, keep the work site, tools and lubricants clean, and prevent oxide scale and dirt from falling on the surface of the steel pipe.
When there are smooth or sharp spiral marks on the outer surface of the seamless steel pipe, the straightening machine should be checked. Due to the incorrect position and angle of the straightening roller, the steel pipe rubbed the shoulders on the edge of the straightening roller during straightening. There are worn grooves on the straightening roller, and both ends of the steel pipe may appear hookah on the outer surface of the steel pipe. Pits.
5. Seamless steel pipe-pitted surface
It is characterized by small pits in the form of pieces and dots on the surface of the steel pipe. The main reason for the pitting surface is pitting corrosion during pickling. After annealing, the oxide scale is too thick and straightened and pressed into the surface of the steel pipe to form a pitted surface; the steel pipe is kept in a humid environment, and even pitted rust occurs after water enters. After removing the rust spots Form pitted surface.
6. Seamless steel pipe-spots
Since seamless steel pipes are in contact with water (or water vapor) during processing or storage and are not treated in time (such as drying), the traces left by water evaporation are called water spots, such as long contact with water or corrosive water Rust spots are formed when the substance is Water spots generally have no depth, and rust spots often corrode the surface of the steel pipe, and there will still be pitted surfaces after removal.